ISSN: 1694-7673 (Print) E-ISSN: 1694-7975 (Online)

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Abstract


The Social-Political Situation of the Karakhans During the Period of Ūshī
When we look at the history of the Central Asian region, two things come to our mind. The first one is Turks who live in the past. Today they have established the Kyrgyz, Kazakh, Uzbek and Turkmen states. Secondly, a state was created in this region declared Islam as the religion of the state in the history of the Turkish people. It can be said that non-Arab state of Karakhans gives official authority to Islam. Many muslim scholars lived In the city of Ozgen, the second capital city of Karakhans. Muslim scholars who lived in the state of Karakhans contributed to the development of religious sciences. The books they have written and inherited have not lost their value even today. The factor that influences the development and strengthening of science is the state. If the state does not give enough importance to it and does not create a possible environment for it, then the development of science would not be realized. In Karakhans state many scholars have been educated. Their reputations are still continuing today. For example, Sirāj al-Dīn al-Ūshī, Kadihan, Shams al-A'imma al-Sarakhsi, Yusuf Has Hajib Balasaguni, Mahmud Kashgar and others. Thus, Karakhans state has made a great contribution to sciences and religious sciences in the middle ages. Karakhans state is introduced as a powerful state of Turks. But their contribution to the development of the science has not mentioned so much. In our paper we will analyze the socio-political status, characteristics and administrations of the Karakhans state in the period of Sirāj al-Dīn al-Ūshī.

Keywords
Karakhans, Ozgen, Osh, Balasaguni, Satyk Bugra Karakhan, al-Ūshī.


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