ISSN: 1694-7673 (Print) E-ISSN: 1694-7975 (Online)

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Abstract


in Hijrı VI. Century Science in Islamic World
In this study, it is focused on the scientific situation in the Islamic World in 6th century of hijra which Abu Muhammad Sirāj al-Dīn Ali b. Uthmān b. Muhammad b. Sulayman al-Ūshī lived in that time. In the context of the study, the following determinations are made: Firstly, at the beginning of the most powerful Islamic states in the period when the Ūshī lived, the Abbasids, the Andalusian Umayyads, the Seljuks and the Karahans were. Kurtuba, Damascus, Baghdad, Samarkand and Buhara are important centers of science. Secondly, in the 6th century of hijra science, religious and philosophical sciences are regarded as a whole and there is no differentiation between them. Thirdly, the encyclopedist understanding of scholar is dominant. According to this, even if a scientist has settled on a certain area, he has to know other sciences. It can be evaluated in this context that Ūshī has studied not only Kelam but also Fiqh and Hadith. Fourthly, understanding of science based on the necessity of interdisciplinary relations, ensured that the scholars of the period were better equipped and that they were holistic and therefore healthy to consider the scientific issues from different angles. Fifthly, scholars are not just an technician/academics; at the same time living and communicating with the next generations with their writings. Sixthly, it is possible to go to important centers of science to learn and to teach and to take lessons from different scholars. Ūshī’s learning from many scholars who were from different geographys has shown this. Seventhly, it is also important to teach as much as to learn science. It is important in this framework that Ūshī collects knowledge in many different geographical areas and also teaches the studentes that comes from different places at the same time. Lastly, supporting scholarship studies in the 6th century, learning and teaching of knowledge took place mostly through the personal studies of scholars, and therefore the scientific activities in this period are civilian characters.

Keywords
al-Ūshī, Hijri VI. Century, Islamic Sciences, Science Centers, Scientific Understanding.


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