ISSN: 1694-7673 (Print) E-ISSN: 1694-7975 (Online)

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Abstract


The Development of Turkish Religious Music in the XII. Century Turkish Region Where Ali b. Uthmān Sirāj al-Dīn al-Ūshī Lived
Mawara al-Nahr (Transoxiana) is the famous Turkish basin housing important cultural centres such as Samarkand, Fergana, Qarshi, Bukhara and Osh (Ush) which are among the rivers of Jayhoun (Amu Darya), Seyhun (Syr Darya). The region has been home to Turks and Persians since the early ages. It has fertile lands giving life to great states such as the Asia Hun Empire, the Göktürk Khaganate, the Uyghur Empire, the Karakhanid State, the Ghaznavid dynasty. Samarqand, a cultural city that stands out in the Mawara al-Nahr, has become a significant scientific centre of Islamic thought in the historical process. It has attracted attention with its educational studies done in various fields such as Kalam, Fiqh, Hadith and Tafsir. One of the famous scholars who are raised in the Mawara al-Nahr is Sirāj al-Dīn Alī b. Uthmān al-Ūshī, a Faqeeh, a muhaddith, a mutakallim (a scholar of Kalam) and a poet. As it can be understood from his ancestry, he came to the world in the city of Osh (Ush) in Fergana valley located today in Kyrgyzstan. He is one of the important representatives of the Hanafiyyah in Fiqh and Māturīdīyyah in I’tiqad. In the written sources, no information or document has yet been found about Ūshī being concerned with musical theory or that he has worked on this field. However, we know his literary personality and his interest in poetry and that he has written poems even if just a few. The purpose of this paper is to attempt conveying the studies and developments about the music of the XII. Century Turkish basin, starting with Kyrgyzstan region and covering Mawara al-Nahr region, to reach the minimum conclusions about what activities were at the stage in cultural and artistic aspects and the religious music in the time period of Ūshī at XII. Century`s Turkish region.

Keywords
Ūshī, Religious Music, Qopuz, Bard, Music.


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