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Poetry As a Teaching Tool of Islamic Beliefs: Qasîda al-Amālī Sample
Poetry which defined as the way of conveying and expressing the meaning with the help of symbols, rhtyming words and harmonious voices is literally reconstructing the language. In this connection, poetic language is not similar to the informal language which is intended to directly inform and which can be verified or mistaken. The poetic language does not try to express ordinary facts, but it shows a kind of creativity and discovery in the language. Therefore, the main difference between these two languages is not simply the clarity and simplicity of the expression but the width and depth of meaning. For this reason, poetic language which is dominated by enthusiasm, harmony, depth, paradox, mystery and symbolism is more actually appropriate to portray intense religious, mystical and emotional experiences. In particular, Sufi literature presents very different and rich examples of the use of poetry as a means of expression in this way. Since the Kalam and Fiqh aims to clarify clearly, uses the prose as a expression tool which is more suited to these purposes rather than the poetic language. However, symbolic and evocative poetry is also used as an explanatory expression tool for didactic purposes in both scientific traditions. In this framework, it is possible to find authentic works which are written in poetic language about the subject of Fiqh as well as principles of faith in Islamic classical literature. Such works are generally written with the aim of making the knowledge more permanent and widespread by recording the basic rules and principles and the main subjects of related science in a brief and poetic manner. Sirāj al-Dīn Ali b. Uthmān al-Ūshī also wrote his work entitled Qasîda al-Amālī for the same purpose and thus he has tried to spread the Māturīdiyya interpretation of Islamic beliefs to Islamic society. This work because of it’s reputation was also widely commented and took place among the continuously read works in later periods. Without a doubt, by writing in such style al-Ūshī not merely desire to memorize his work but also aim the spread the principles of Islamic beliefs in an impressive and aesthetic style by using poetic influences. In this presentation we will try to analyze the writing style of Ali b. Uthman al-Ūshī’s work entitled Qasîda al-Amālī. In this way, starting from the sample of Qasîda al-Amālī we will try to draw some conclusions about the function of such works which have a wide place in the classical Islamic literature.

Ali b. Uthmān al-Ūshī, Qasida al-Amālī, Poetry, Islamic Beliefs.

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