ISSN: 1694-7673 (Print) E-ISSN: 1694-7975 (Online)

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Abstract


Matrudit’s Theologian Ali bin Uthmān al-Ūshī’s Critics Against the Madhab Mutazila.
Imam Matrudi in that time fought expressing his negative opinions against Mutazila and various madhabs. After him, the disciples of Abu Mansur, like him, continued to express their opinions in books against them. Sirāj al-Dīn Alī b. Uthmān al-Ūshī invested his great work in the development of the madhhab of Matrudit, but not imitating his mentors, he used the poetic method. The work known as Qasida al-Amālī takes on the akaid of the Matrudits. In this speech we will speak, from the point of view of the madhab’s history, about how, Sirāj al-Dīn Alī b. Uthmān al-Ūshī with the purpose of protecting Matrudit's akida criticized the madhab Mutazila. As a theologian of the Matrudits Ali bin Uthmān al-Ūshī beginning with the divine qualities of Allah “Isim-Musamma”, “ar-Ruya”, “Halkul-Quran”, “Shafaat” and in other themes frankly and covertly criticized. We consider it as an important and worthwhile for a research Ūshī’s critics in connection with the state of madhab Mutazila- and there is few information in the book of sources on the state of madhab Mutazila, in that period that Ūshī has criticized them.

Keywords
Ali bin Uthmān al-Ūshī, Qasida al-Amālī, Māturīdiyya, Mutazila.


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